Diabetes mellitus alters oxidative stability and immune response. Here, we investigated the impact of a peptide extracted from camel milk (CMP) on the oxidative status, transcription factor kappa - B (NF - kB) and inflammatory cytokine in diabetic wounds.
Rats were assigned into three groups: control, diabetic induced (DM) and diabetic induced with multiple doses of CMP for a week (DM - CMP).
DM showed a sharp decline in the activity of major antioxidant enzymes such as supe roxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione (GSH) compared to the control. The DM - CMP group, however, showed a noticeable replenishment in the activity of these enzymes compared to the DM group. The CMP - treated group also showed a normal level o f lipid peroxidation marker (MDA) compared to the DM rats. Furthermore, ELISA analysis of serum TNF - α protein showed an elevated level in diabetic rats in comparison to control serum. However, RT - PCR analysis of locally wounded skin tissues revealed that d iabetes down - regulates the RNA expression of both TNF - α and MIF genes in comparison to the control samples but that CMP was found to restore RNA expression significantly. Although it was elevated in CMP - treated rats after one day of wound incision, the NF - kB protein level was significantly decreased seven days after the incision in comparison to the animals in the diabetic group.
CMP, therefore, can be seen an effective antioxidant and immune stimulant that induces oxidative stability and speeds up wound healing in diabetic model animals, making it a potential adjuvant in improving wound healing in those with diabetic conditions.